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Dry skin



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Skin problems: dry skin, atopic eczema, spider veins

The skin of each person deserves individual treatment. Appropriate formulations should be selected for its demands. How is skin classified? What is the difference between dry skin, atopic eczema skin and spider veined skin? What care preparations should you look for at pharmacies?

Dry skin

Dry skin results from disorders of sebum secretion. The effect is reduced sebum secretion of the skin which leads to lowered moisturising. How do you diagnose dry skin? A key and easy to see symptom is the sensation of tense or stretched skin right after washing. This unpleasant feeling passes after using a face moisturising cream and body lotions. Another dry skin symptom is exfoliation, or flaking. The skin seems overly dry, coarse and not very flexible to the touch. It can often itch and burn. If the skin is prone to cracking, the risk of infections is increased. Remember that a dry complexion is very sensitive, or possibly allergic, which makes it look unhealthy. Another defect of dry skin is accelerated ageing.

When are we especially at risk of excessively dry skin?

Both the winter and summer are not conducive to a healthy complexion. In winter, due to heating of rooms and wide variations between indoor and outdoor air temperatures, the skin becomes increasingly sensitive and dry. In summer the high temperatures and strong sunrays lead to dry skin layers.

How can you care for dry skin?

Dry skin requires special care. Apart from moisturising treatments, it is good to follow some essential rules:

  • Avoid bathing in hot water. Hot water may irritate the skin, cause reddening and reduce the moisturising rate.
  • Choose washing cosmetics which do not reduce the lipid barrier. The right cosmetics ensure proper moisturising.
  • Use moisturising creams and lotions after bathing.
  • Drink at least 1.5 l of water daily to moisturise the skin from the inside.
  • Complement your diet with unsaturated fatty acids (e.g. olive oil). Insufficient intake of unsaturated fatty acids weakens the cells and compromises the flexibility of the skin.
  • Supplement vitamins, especially A, E, C and B group. Vitamin A is responsible for proper keratosis. Not enough of it makes the skin more dry and causes hyperkeratosis. Vitamin E, known as "the vitamin of youth", ensures a properly balanced collagen structure. Vitamin A and E are soluble in fats, which means that insufficient intake of fats will hinder the action of both vitamins. Vitami C is capable of sealing cellular membranes and blocking the escape of water from tissues. The effects help keep the skin moist. B group vitamins prevent flaking of the skin.
  • Use creams with UV filters. It is not recommended to expose the skin to harmful solar radiation.
  • Avoid too much care treatments, especially with peeling or styptic face masks. First focus on regular skin moistening.

Are dry skin and atopic eczema skin the same?

Absolutely not. Atopic skin is the term for the skin condition in persons suffering from atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is a dermatological disorder resulting from hyperreaction of the skin to external factors (known as environmental factors, e.g. pollens, animal fur and dust) and internal factors. Hyperreaction is called atopy.

Atopic skin

Atopic skin is distinctively too dry, usually itchy and flakes off. Redness, eczema, exudation and swelling are common. Atopic dermatitis is evident in certain, specific parts of the body. They mainly include the skin around the elbows, under the knees, on the neck, the face, the ears and the palms.

Who is at risk of atopic dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis primarily occurs in children and infants. It is less common in adults. The reason is that young skin is much more sensitive than the skin of adults. Why can children suffer from atopic dermatitis? They are very sensitive to all allergens (i.e. the factors which cause allergic response). Common allergens are found in milk, fruits, eggs and chocolate. Other major allergens, which are hard to eliminate, include dust and environmental pollutants.

How can you care for atopic skin?

When a child is affected by atopic dermatitis, the treatment is to intensely moisturise the skin. Apart from moisturising preparations, also remember to limit exposure to dry air and the sun. Eliminate allergens contained in food if necessary.

In the case of adults with atopic dermatitis, treatment includes administration of moisturising agents, as well as anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Spider veins

A complexion with spider veins is characterised by dilated blood vessels which are visible under the skin. Spider veins occur more often in women. A dependence has been demonstrated by analysis of the relations between the concentration of estrogens (female sex hormones) and the incidence of spider veined complexion. The cause of spider-vein complexion is circulatory disorders that affect improper filling of blood vessels of the face. Strong emotions vary the circulation of blood and as such they may dilate the vessels to prompt higher blood flow. Some disorders, like arterial hypertension or liver disorders, predispose a spider-veined complexion.

How do you care for a spider-veined complexion?

Spider-veined complexion undoubtedly requires proper treatment. Perform treatment very gently. The recommendations here are similar to those for dry skin, since in both cases the skin is sensitive. Persons with spider-veined complexion are also advised to choose professional cream formulations that usually contain substances which cause vascular contraction. Use of vessel contracting ingredients results in reduced visibility of spider veins. Apart from cosmetic treatment, a spider-veined complexion can be helped with oral preparations which strengthen the blood vessels. Such preparations should include horse-chestnut extracts (aescin), diosmin or rutoside (rutin).

Flexiderm – care cream for atopic and dry skin

It is not easy to determine on your own whether the skin is simply too dry or you already suffer from atopic dermatitis. If you are in doubt, look for preparations with composite effects on both skin problems.

Flexiderm is a cosmetic agent characterised by its alleviating and anti-allergic action. The rich composition of Flexiderm includes the silymarin-phospholipids complex which is essential for protecting the skin from the harmful effects of free oxygen radicals. Along with other ingredients of the formula, the complex enables regeneration of the skin protective barrier, the-so called lipid shield.

Flexiderm is intended for the care of dry and/or atopic skin, psoriasis, lip sores and soothing of wounds from insect bites, as well as sunburn. Flexiderm is administered like any regular facial and body cream.

Floderm – oily cream

Floderm is available in two forms: cream for face, neck and shoulders, and cream for the body, hands and feet. The Floderm series is distinguished by the content of witch hazel extract. The plant is renowned for its properties in pain relief and acceleration of epidermal regeneration. It is also a preventative in proneness for ruptured capillaries by reinforcing and constricting the blood vessels. Floderm leaves the skin moist and radiant.

An advantage of using Floderm creams is the alleviation of pain from insect bites and a styptic effect that is extremely important in the treatment of contusions, subdermal extravasation and chafing of the epidermis. The Floderm series of creams can also be used for sunburn.